Al Warsan Lake is a cluster of artificially created wetlands in Al Awir region of Dubai . The lake lies inside the perimeter of Nakheel’s new development of International City , to the south of the Dubai-Hatta Road . The lake consists of a number of connected wetlands with an average depth of 3m, all set in a gently undulating desert landscape.
The pools were formed in the mid 1990s when excess treated sewage effluent water was pumped from the nearby Dubai sewage treatment plant into pits which had been excavated by a construction company as a rock quarry.
The lake and its neighbouring site has become an important habitat for water birds. It was discovered by birdwatchers at the end of 1998 and was referred to as Wimpy Pits.
As part of the Environmental Impact Assessment and associated baseline survey of flora and fauna, 186 local and migratory species of bird were found to frequent the lake. An assessment of the lake’s water quality and biological characteristics showed clean water rich in aquatic life and high biological productivity that in turn supports the survival of birds around the lake.
The biological importance of the lake lies in the fact that it is an integrated natural habitat with dense reedlands and a diverse food chain. Nakheel recognizes Al Warsan Lake as a wetland of unique importance and, as such, is liaising with the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands to formally recognise Al Warsan Lake as a wetland of international significance.